4 Panel Drug Test: Everything you need to know in 2021

Uritox Drug Test Drugs employee drug test

Table Of Content:

  1. Drug screen
  2. 4 panel drug test
    1. What shows up on the 4-panel drug test?
    2. 4 panel drug test procedure
    3. How does 4-panel drug test works
  3. 4 panels Vs 5-panel drug test
  4. Uses of a drug screen
  5. Why drug screen?
  6. Types of the drug screen
    1. Saliva drug screen
    2. Hair testing
    3. Blood drug screen
    4. Urine drug screen
  7. Conclusion

Drug screen

A drug screen, commonly known as a drug test, is the test using a collection of various samples like urine, blood, hair, or saliva from the body to detect the presence of a type of chemicals left inside the body due to drug consumption that comes under the particular test category. Drug tests detect the presentation-enhancing drugs used by athletes, such as HGH and Steroids. Many types of drug screening methods are available depending on the type of sample used.

4 Panel Drug Test

Among all tests mentioned above, panel tests or urine tests are the most common to be performed on-site with cost-effectiveness.

“Panel" refers to the specific group of drugs or substances that are included in the test itself. A 4 panel is used to test for particular drugs or can be customized. a 4-panel drug test well suits most businesses, athletic sheets, or guardians, contingent upon the circumstance and the number of medications evaluated, there are 5, 7, and 11 board tests accessible. As the quantity panel increments, so does the degree of the tests.

What shows up on a 4-panel drug test?

The drugs that show up in the panel test are commonly abused street drugs. These are listed below:

  1. Cocaine 
  2. THC (marijuana)
  3. Opiates
  4. Methamphetamine

These four drugs are categorized as permanent but can also be customized. These drugs are the most used by addicts due to their wide distribution.

Cocaine can be taken orally, injected, inhaled, and snorted. Cocaine (COC) is extracted from the leaves of the cocoa plant. The cocaine drug is a potent nervous system energizer just as a nearby sedative. A portion of the mental impacts prompted by the cocaine drug is joy, certainty, and a feeling of expanded energy joined by raised pulse, expansion of the students, fever, quakes, and sweating.

Proceeded with ingestion of the cocaine medication could prompt resiliencies and physiological reliance, which encourages its maltreatment. Benzoylecgonine has a natural half-existence of 5 to 8 hours, which is any longer than that of the cocaine drug (0.5 to 1.5 hours) and can be, for the most part, recognized for 12 to 72 hours after the cocaine drug use or exposure. The level for this in a 4-panel cocaine drug test is 300 ng/ml of Benzoylecgonine.

Marijuana can be ingested or smoked, in this manner bringing about the arrival of THC, which causes the thrill, or "high," that many reports encounter. The Marijuana Drug (THC) agents that cause different natural impacts in people are called cannabinoids. The cannabinoid is a focal anxious energizer that changes temperament and tangible discernments, produces loss of coordination, weakens short memory, and produces manifestations of tension, neurosis, misery, disarray, fantasy, and expanded pulse. Massive doses of cannabinoids could cause the improvement of resistances and physiological reliance and lead to mishandling. Resistance to the cardiovascular and psychotropic impacts of the Maryjane medication can happen, and withdrawal condition produces anxiety, sleep deprivation, anorexia, and nausea. The level for this in a 4-panel marijuana drug test is 50 ng/ml.

Opiates cover an enormous assortment of medications, going from legal ones like fentanyl, codeine, and morphine, to illegal drugs like heroin and opium. Opiates are regularly utilized by infusion, oral utilization, or even suppositories.

Methamphetamines can be smoked, grunted, infused, or taken orally. The Methamphetamine drug (MET) is the most famous alternative subsidiary of amphetamines. The methamphetamine drug discharges in the urine as amphetamine, oxidized derivatives, and deaminated derivatives. Notwithstanding, 10-40% of the methamphetamine drug is released unaltered. The methamphetamine drug is, for the most part, noticeable in the urine for 3 to 5 days after use. This 4-panel methamphetamine drug test is 1000 ng/ml of (+) methamphetamine.

4 Panel Urine Drug Test Procedure

To perform the 4-panel drug test. You will require an assortment cup and follow these steps:

  1. Collect urine from the individual to be tested for drugs in a dispensable assortment cup.
  2. If the assortment cup has a temperature strip, read it and ensure it is between the temperature range.
  3. Remove the base cap from the 4-panel drug test card to lower the medication test strips in the urine.
  4. AVOID passing the arrow when submerging the four board drug test card since this can flood the test and nullify the medication test card.
  5. Once every one of the C (control) zone lines shows up, you can peruse the main concerns in the T (test) area and record the readings.

How do 4-panel drug tests work?

Most panel drug tests are not difficult to utilize, frequently giving fast yet precise outcomes. Typically it's pretty much as essential as providing a urine test in a cup to a shown level. Be that as it may, a few brands may require a couple of additional steps, for example, using a timer directing the test in precise temperatures and perusing the outcomes inside a specific timeframe. 

Also, neglecting to follow the exacting steps could bring about incorrect readings, false positive, or false-negative outcomes. Despite the brand, make sure to peruse and adhere to the directions to acquire the best results. Eliminate the testing cup from the fixed bundle, give the suitable measure of the urine in the cup, and permit the example to stay in the cup until a red tone appears in the "Result Ready" window. This takes under 5 minutes. 

The most effective method to read a 4-panel drug test is comparatively more straightforward. For understanding the test results, two rose pink shading bands (in the C and T districts) are used to demonstrate a 'negative' result; 1 rose-pink bar in the C area shows a 'positive' effect; and if no band shows up or one rose-pink band shows up in the T region, it's considered "no outcome".

A positive outcome demonstrates that the medication or its results are available in the individual's system or body in perceivable sums. This finding proposes they have taken the drug as of late.

An adverse outcome demonstrates that the drug tried is absent or is absent in a sufficiently high amount to identify. It doesn't show that the individual has never utilized the drugs or won't utilize the pills later on.

An uncertain or no outcome implies the test was not practical. Labs may arrange the test again if results return as uncertain.

Note: Be sure to tell the testing supplier or your medical services supplier on the off chance that you are ingesting any physician recommended medications, over-the-counter medications since they may give you a positive outcome for certain unlawful medications. Additionally, you ought to keep away from food sources with poppy seeds, which can cause a positive result for narcotics.

4 panel VS 5-panel drug screen

4-panel drug screen

5-panel drug screen

Checks 4 drugs simultaneously

Check 5 drugs simultaneously

Drugs- marijuana, opiates, cocaine, and methamphetamines

Drugs- marijuana, opiates, cocaine, PCP, and amphetamines

Used commonly for employment, athletes, and at crime scenes.

Used commonly for employment purposes or employers.

Uses of the Drug screen

It finds out whether a person has recently consumed drugs or not. Its primary use is for:

  • Sports organizations - to test athletes and professionals as they consume drugs for better performance.
  • Employment - employees should be checked for drug consumption before hiring and on the job.
  • Employment - employees should be checked for drug consumption before hiring and on the job.
  • Forensics use - drug screening is used as part of criminal cases investigation.
  • Monitoring opioid - when prescribed for several health conditions, must test it for the amount taken.

Why drug screening?

There are situations when you have to take drugs like for sports, employment conditions, etc. Your healthcare provider orders you for drug screening if you have any symptoms of drug abuse. 

The list of symptoms are as follows:

  1. Panic
  2. Slurred speech
  3. Paranoia
  4. Small pupils
  5. Nausea
  6. Changes in blood pressure
  7. Changes in heartbeat
  8. Breathing difficulty

Types of Drug Screen

  • Saliva Drug screen - This saliva drug screen is performed via the less invasive method by collecting mouth swab samples containing saliva. This method takes less time in detection as compared to others.
  • The common substances tested in saliva drug screen include:

    1. Opiates
    2. Alcohol
    3. Cocaine
    4. Marijuana
    5. Amphetamine
    6. Methamphetamine
    7. PCP
  • Hair Testing - A strand of hair is used as a time detectable of an individual's substance consumption history.  For Example - Somebody might have consumed weed months ago. Yet, through hair drug testing, the substance would, in any case, could be identified as the metabolites that remain in the blood after drug use and, for all time, stay inside the hair follicle can be detected by this screening method.
  • The common substances that be detected using the hair testing method:

    1. Phencyclidine
    2. Barbiturates
    3. Oxycodone and oxymorphone
    4. Marijuana
    5. Opiates
    6. Cocaine
    7. Amphetamines
    8. Hydrocodone and hydromorphone
  • Blood Drug Testing - Blood testing is the most popular type of medication screen strategy because of its obtrusiveness, short location window, and exorbitant cost tag. Notwithstanding, blood tests are additionally valuable for recognizing weakness at work. Compared to other tests, which require a few days to show poisons, a blood test can uncover poisons in practically no time. Blood testing likewise enables quantifying the particular measure of an illicit substance in an individual's framework.
  • The common substances that can be detected using the blood testing method

    1. Ethyl alcohol
    2. THC
    3. Methadone
    4. Oxycodone
    5. Buprenorphine
    6. Propoxyphene
    7. Opiates
    8. Tramadol
    9. Cocaine
    10. Benzodiazepines

    Many other chemicals can be detected using the blood testing method.

  • Urine Drug Screen - Urine drug screens are the most well-known strategy for drug testing. They are effortless, simple, fast, and cost-effective. They can likewise check for both illicit and physician-recommended drugs. The individual gives a urine sample, and a specialist or expert analyses it.
  • The investigation can decide if an individual has utilized explicit medications in the previous few days or weeks, even after the impacts of drugs have worn off. Numerous variables influence the time that a test can distinguish a specific medication in the body. These variables include:

    • Weight
    • Hydration levels
    • The aridity of the urine
    • How sometime in the past the individual took the medication

    Depending on the type panel test (4-13), the results will come positive or negative for the drug tested.

    Here we are explaining 4-panel tests in detail:

    Conclusion

    A drug screen can rapidly and adequately recognize the presence of illicit drugs or doctor-prescribed drugs in the body.

    Specialists, sports authorities, and managers may demand a drug screen for different reasons. These screens can check for a scope of medications, including pot, nicotine, barbiturates, and narcotics, like heroin and methadone. A few medicines stay recognizable in the body longer than others. If an underlying outcome is positive, an individual may have to require a second test for affirmation.

    There are physical risks of doing or getting done a drug test, but a positive result can affect various aspects of life like your job, your eligibility to play sports, and the outcome of a court case. 

    It is highly recommended that before you take any drug test, you should take advice on what tests you require, why you are getting tested, and what the results will be used for. If you have questions about your trial, you should talk to your health care provider or contact the organization that ordered the test.


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