MTD, PPX, AMP, MAMP, and MOP are the acronyms of hazardous and illegal drugs - Methadone, Propoxyphene, Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, and Morphine, respectively. These acronyms are used to indicate the drugs mentioned above in the drug test. These major drugs can stumble one's life as they may threaten one's career and, if overdosed, can even lead to undeniable consequences and death.
Drug-related crimes are increasing in the country day by day. Despite the United States government's prohibition of some illicit drugs, some people dare to gain them illegally through prescription misuse or smuggling.
This blog will give you a journey through drug testing and its importance, when the drug test would be conducted, prominent drugs that every organization considers, and its means on the drug test.
Table of Contents:
- What Does MTD, PPX, AMP, MAMP, MOP Mean On A Drug Test?
- What is Drug Testing?
- How Often Are Drug Tests Conducted?
- Prominent Drugs That Are Focused On Drug Test
What is Drug Testing?
Drug testing is a medical process conducted in every professional institution or workplace to confirm whether the particular candidate is free from drug usage. Through drug testing, a medical professional can conclude whether the candidate had taken any illegal drugs. The most commonly used specimens to test for the drug are urine, saliva, hair, blood, or sweat.
Initially, a preliminary drug test is conducted. If it comes out as positive for drugs, then the tester would do the confirmatory test because there are higher chances that the candidate might have been declared false-positive. Drug testers conduct a confirmatory drug test using high-end medical equipment like Liquid Chromatography (LC) or Tandem Mass spectrometry (TMS).
Drug testing does possess some significance because it can detect the drug presence and detect the period of consumption. Each drug has a specific period up to which it can be detected in any bodily fluids or dead cells. As per the modern drug testing methods, a hair drug test can detect the drug in your body up to a maximum of 90 days.
How Often Are Drug Tests Conducted?
Normally, a drug test is conducted under certain circumstances. They include
- Policy endorsement of the company
- Fitness test during international sports activities
- Child Abuse
It is common that if you enter into an organization for employment or any institution that deals with professionalism, they have certain principles to keep their institution and employees clean. These incidents, as mentioned above, require a drug test. But the fact is all these organizations do not test for the presence of all the drugs. They check for prominent drugs only while some organizations focus only on a specific drug, leaving others without priority.
Prominent Drugs That Are Focused On Drug Test
The most prominent drugs focused for any drug test include
- Methadone (MTD)
- Propoxyphene (PPX)
- Amphetamine (AMP)
- Methamphetamine (MAMP)
- Morphine (MOP)
- Cocaine (COC)
Drug tests differ from one organization to another based on the severity and the guidelines of the organization. Some government institutions may check for MAMP consumption in a person as a priority, while others consider COC. It is based on the hot seat, but we cannot deny that all the drugs mentioned above are lethal and hazardous to a human's health if taken intentionally or unintentionally.
Before getting into their impact, it is better to know what these drugs mean in a drug test.
Methadone (MTD) - Methadone is a clinical drug recommended to relieve pain. It is a medication used to treat opioid withdrawal syndrome and heroin addiction. Despite having the same opioid structure, Methadone does not produce euphoric effects and has very few withdrawal symptoms. It does not show up on the drug test either but can be traced too. Methadone can be detected with one of its prominent metabolites, EDDP (2-Ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine), reflecting on a drug test.
- Patients who are taking Methadone for medical purposes excrete both Methadone and EDDP in their urine. Drug testers identify the ratio of Methadone to the EDDP in the urine. The levels of Methadone may vary based on prescription. If it exceeds the prescribed limit, then it is drug abuse. Methadone cannot be identified during drug tests because of its chemical structure similar to opioid. That is the main reason that they are not given much focus, unlike morphine.
- Propoxyphene (PPX) - It is a mild form of the narcotic analgesic drug prescribed to patients who have undergone surgery to alleviate pain. The structure of PPX is similar and related to the structure of Methadone. It is an oral drug, and its effects take nearly an hour or two to reach its peak. Excessive use of PPX can lead to physical and psychological dependence. DEA had placed this drug under schedule IV because of its severity when it gets overdosed. The side effects of overdose include drowsiness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, etc.
- Amphetamine (AMP) - Normally called a street drug, it is a dopamine inducer that makes the user excited and happy. It also leads to hallucinations making the user aggressive and paranoid of the central nervous system. If repeatedly used, it may lead to mental and physical health imbalance resulting in diseases like stroke, heart attack, convulsions, etc. Despite it being a schedule II drug, it is widely sold in the illegal market to get the desired euphoric effects.
- The urine test can detect Amphetamines. The drug metabolites can stay in the urine from a minimum of 2 days to a maximum of 90 days based on the intake amount and frequency.
- Methamphetamine (MAMP) - Like AMP, MAMP also affects the central nervous system. It has been identified for its illegal usage and prohibited since the 1980s. There are large amounts of MAMP being sold out illegally within the United States. In extreme cases, overdosage of MAMP may lead to euphoric high, aggression, and even psychosis. Physicians direct patients under chronic opioid therapy to take the drug at certain levels. The urine test can trace this drug. If the drug levels exceed the DEA limit, it is considered drug abuse, leading to threatening consequences.
Morphine (MOP) - Morphine is a pain reliever and a metabolite of heroin and codeine. It is one of the constituents of poppy seeds. It is prescribed for pain relief by the physician on a certain dosage not to develop a dependency on the drug. It shows up in the urine, which is not a threat unless it is within the maximum limit. It may cause restlessness, nausea, and vomiting. Overdosing may cause respiratory depression, drowsiness, at times coma, and death.
The drugs mentioned above, mostly used as sedatives and pain relievers, are prescribed legally by healthcare professionals for certain conditions. These medications have the potential to be misused to get desired effects. People tend to overdose on these medications without being aware of their potential undesirable consequences resulting in complications. Some people also abuse these drugs to get euphoric effects. Using these drugs for the intended purpose under prescribed doses would be beneficial rather than increasing the dose to get desired effects leading to complications.